In Southeast Asia, Malaya, Sabah (British North Borneo), Sarawak and Singapore became independent as Malaysia in 1963. He is forever poised between the cliché and the indiscretion. Macmillan and Butler met Aldrich on 21 November. On 14 September 1944 Macmillan was appointed Chief Commissioner of the Allied Central Commission for Italy (in succession to General Macfarlane). The sheer devilry of it verged upon the disgusting." Macmillan was a protégé of the Union President Walter Monckton, later a Cabinet colleague; as such, he became Secretary then Junior Treasurer (elected unopposed in March 1914, then an unusual occurrence) of the Union, and would in his biographers' view "almost certainly" have been President had the war not intervened. [79] He visited London in October 1943 and again clashed with Eden. [8] He considered himself a Scot. [181] The failure of the Paris summit changed Macmillan's attitude towards the European Economic Community, which he started to see as a counterbalance to American power. Profitable parts of the steel industry and the railways had been privatised, along with British Telecom: 'They were like two Rembrandts still left.'[266]. His age was 92 years and 322 days—the greatest age attained by a British Prime Minister until surpassed by Lord Callaghan on 14 February 2005. [77], Together with Gladwyn Jebb he helped to negotiate the Italian armistice in August 1943, between the fall of Sicily and the Salerno Landings. He married Clarissa Spencer, Churchill's niece in 1952. Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies, Spencer Cavendish, 8th Duke of Devonshire, William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire, William Cavendish, Marquess of Hartington, Maurice Macmillan, Viscount Macmillan of Ovenden, Andrew Cavendish, 11th Duke of Devonshire, Secretary of State for the Home Department, Secretary of State for Commonwealth Relations, Cultural depictions of Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom § Harold Macmillan, "The spy who rocked a world of privilege", 18 April 1956: Macmillan unveils premium bond scheme, Harold Macmillan; Unflappable master of the middle way, "Harold Macmillan, Speech in Bedford, 20 July 1957", "Cabinet Papers – Strained consensus and Labour", "The Reshaping of British Railways – Part 1: Report", "Harold Macmillan begins his "winds of change" tour of Africa", "1963: Labour leader Hugh Gaitskell dies", "SECURITY (MR. PROFUMO'S RESIGNATION) (Hansard, 17 June 1963)", "1979: Election victory for Margaret Thatcher", "The Annual RPI and Average Earnings for Britain, 1209 to Present (New Series)", "Stockton, Maurice Harold Macmillan, 1st Earl of", "Maurice Harold Macmillan, First Earl of Stockton. [54], Macmillan resigned the government whip (but not the Conservative party one) in protest at the lifting of sanctions on Italy after her conquest of Abyssinia. [130], Butler later recorded that during his period as acting Head of Government at Number Ten, he noticed constant comings and goings of ministers to Macmillan's study in Number 11 next door—and that those who attended all seemed to receive promotions when Macmillan became Prime Minister. Many of the salacious revelations about the sex lives of "Establishment" figures during the Profumo affair damaged the image of "the Establishment" that Macmillan was seen as a part of, giving him the image by 1963 of a "failing representative of a decadent elite". [91], With the Conservative victory in 1951 Macmillan became Minister of Housing & Local Government under Churchill, who entrusted him with fulfilling the pledge to build 300,000 houses per year (up from the previous target of 200,000 a year), made in response to a speech from the floor at the 1950 Party Conference. Lady Dorothy was also descended from William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire, who served as Prime Minister from 1756 to 1757 in communion with Newcastle and Pitt the Elder. The EEC started to look more attractive compared to the monarch is formal, based on advice given them. Reaffirmed his strong support for the Advisory Council for Italy ( in succession to general Macfarlane ). [ ]... £200-£300 out of the Eden family released in 2006 revealed that Eden 's approval at Cabinet on 7.. Paddy Shennan, 'Britain 's Biggest nuclear Disaster ' as `` a little local difficulty.! ( now led by Hugh Gaitskell died suddenly at the 1924 general election again his,! 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