1:1–3 pp— 2Ch 36:22–23. Yet there is a distinct shift in the role of the people that starts to happen in books like Ezra and Nehemiah. 24:22)” (Ezra & Nehemiah, Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries [IVP], p. 32). The proclamation which Cyrus, king of Persia, issued out for the release of all the Jews that he found captives in Babylon, and the building of their temple in Jerusalem . Cyrus made a decree giving the Jewish exiles in his empire the right to return to Jerusalem and rebuild the temple in 538 B.C. (Ezra 1:1-4 and Ezra 5:13-17). “The greater part of this book, though it bears the name of Ezra, tells of the pioneers who came back from exile to Jerusalem a whole lifetime before him. Study the bible online using commentary on Ezra 1 and more! Ezra picks up the narrative about the rebuilding of the temple from 4:5. Ezra 1:1-4 New King James Version (NKJV) End of the Babylonian Captivity 1 Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, that the word of the Lord by the mouth of Jeremiah might be fulfilled, the Lord stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia, so that he made a proclamation throughout all his kingdom, and also put it in writing, saying, Cyrus does not act independently of Yhwh’s will. The event related here is Jeremiah's Seventy Years Prophecy. Second Chronicles 36:17-23 parallels Ezra 1:1-4, with verses 22-23 being an almost verbatim quotation of Ezra 1:1-4. 1 a In the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, b that the word of the Lord by the mouth of Jeremiah might be fulfilled, the Lord stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia, so c that he made a proclamation throughout all his kingdom and also put it in writing:. Though Jeremiah 29 is likely the passage that Ezra is alluding to most directly, there are several more passages that are relevant. Strengthening this connection is the fact that the words of praise voiced in Ezra 3:11 (“For he is good, for his steadfast love endures forever toward Israel”) are the same words voiced at the dedication of Solomon’s temple in 2 Chronicles 5:13. But the book of Ezra’s accounting of this significant event is more than just the recounting of history. The preceding verses in Chronicles provide some additional information. Second Chronicles 36:17-23 parallels Ezra 1:1-4, with verses 22-23 being an almost verbatim quotation of Ezra 1:1-4. The restored altar reaches back beyond the veil of 587 BCE and establishes a line of continuity between the exiles’ return to the land and the two most important, promise bearing institutions of monarchic Israel: the temple and the palace. On this day, preachers would do well to allow their congregants space to honor the pain of what is lost as we await the fulfillment of the Messiah. What do we learn about Cyrus and his character from these verses? Pembangunan Yerusalem terhambat oleh perlawanan. Jeremiah 25:8-12 is a similar prophecy that also mentions a seventy-year time frame. And when they do, Ezra 3:1 tells us that “the entire people assembled as one in Jerusalem.” In the books of Ezra and Nehemiah, the priestly office begins to bleed out towards the people, such that the congregation takes on a greater and more significant role in the worship of YHWH. (Fun fact: Cyrus is the only foreigner in all of Scripture to be called “Messiah, Anointed One” by God [Isaiah 45:1].) And finally, whereas Solomon’s temple was built while his kingdom was militarily strong (2 Chronicles 1:14-17), the new altar was established while this small band of Jews was still under threat (Ezra 3:3). The First Return and Rebuilding under Zerubbabel (chaps. 4:1 Ketika lawan > orang Yehuda > dan Benyamin > mendengar >, bahwa > orang-orang > yang pulang dari pembuangan > itu sedang membangun > bait suci > bagi TUHAN … The preceding verses in Chronicles provide some additional information. Ezra 3:10-13 are some of the most poignant in all of Scripture. Go home, loaded with blessings. There is a considerable chronological gap between our weekly Advent readings, significant enough that you may want to start this sermon by walking through the historical action we’ve covered in the past few weeks. The … And whosoever remaineth in any place where he sojourneth] Heb. From heaven above   ELW 268, GG111, H82 80, NCH 130 Awake, O sleeper, rise from death   ELW 452, H82 547, UMH 551, Lift up your heads, O ye gates, William Mathias, Laney Graduate School at Emory University. Commentary on Ezra 1:1-4; 3:1-4, 10-13 View Bible Text . Go home, loaded with blessings, and rebuild. "The greater part of this book, though it bears the name of Ezra, tells of the pioneers who came back from exile to Jerusalem a whole lifetime before him. Ezra 1:1-4; 3:1-4, 10-13 Commentary by Michael J. Chan. The book sees this event as a moment of restoration, when Israel’s cult would be set in place “as prescribed in the law of Moses the man of God” (Ezra 3:2). Deliver us from our personal and communal exiles, and help us to build up your church. Ezra 1 is the first chapter of the Book of Ezra in the Old Testament of the Christian Bible, or the book of Ezra-Nehemiah in the Hebrew Bible, which treats the book of Ezra and book of Nehemiah as one book. God of restoration, you brought your people home from exile and in their joy they rebuilt your temple. Ezra 1:1-4 King James Version (KJV) 1 Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, that the word of the Lord by the mouth of Jeremiah might be fulfilled, the Lord stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia, that he made a proclamation throughout all his kingdom, and put it also in writing, saying, For Ezra, it is the fulfillment of prophecy, and in particular, the prophecy of Jeremiah: “In the first year of King Cyrus of Persia, in order that the word of the Lord by the mouth of Jeremiah might be accomplished, the Lord stirred up the spirit of King Cyrus of Persia … ” (Ezra 1:1). (Daniel) What did Cyrus order in verses 1-4? 1 In the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, in order to fulfill the word of the Lord spoken by Jeremiah, a the Lord moved the heart b of Cyrus king of Persia to make a proclamation throughout his realm and also to put it in writing: . Ezra 1:1–4 End of the Babylonian Captivity 1 Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, that the word of the Lord a by the mouth of Jeremiah might be fulfilled, the Lord stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia, b so that he made a proclamation throughout all his kingdom, and also put it in writing, saying, First, they describe a glittering festival, held in the ruins of the First Temple: priests arrayed in vestments, trumpets proudly proclaiming, Levites with clanging cymbals, and scores of people lifting up songs of praise. In fact, in a moment of sheer humanity that cuts to the core of what it is to live on this side of the eschaton, Scripture records that the sound of the joyful shout could not be distinguished from the sound of the people’s weeping. 4. Setting the Stage for the Story of Ezra. we begin a new series on the books of Ezra and Nehemiah. The story casts no judgment on those who mourn. 1. in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia—The Persian empire, including Persia, Media, Babylonia, and Chaldea, with many smaller dependencies, was founded by Cyrus, 536 B.C. I. Those that are mentioned make no more than 2499, which Aben Ezra thinks were the larger vessels. Read Ezra 1 commentary using Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete). ... (Ezra 1:1-4) and once in Aramaic (Ezra 6:1-5). The narrative lectionary is a four-year cycle of readings Read more. Gershom. v1 In the first year of the rule of Cyrus king of Persia, the *LORD spoke into the heart of Cyrus. Ezra 1:10 "Thirty basins of gold, silver basins of a second [sort] four hundred and ten, [and] other vessels a thousand." The decree of Cyrus is a deeply significant event in Persian period literature, because it signaled the restoration of God’s “house” (temple), which was the primary ritual means by which God was available to Israel. That pain is woven together with the joy of love that has been, and the hope of redemption to come. Levites are appointed to supervise the founding of the temple, and the work progresses (3:8-10 ). Amen. God governs the world by his influence on the spirits of men; whatever good they do, God stirs up … But this general sum takes in great and small, as in (2 Chron. What the text calls “neighboring peoples” almost certainly included Jews who were left behind in the exile to Babylon, which 2 Kings 25:11-12 understands to be the poor of the land. 64 Yahweh stirs Cyrus, and he decrees God’s will (1:1-4 ). As they read about the rebuilding process they would have been made aware of the great personal sacrifices the Jews had made in constructing the temple. We will hear echoes of this shift in next week’s text from Luke: As the priest Zechariah goes inside the holy sanctuary to offer the incense offering to God, it says that “the whole assembly of the people was praying outside” (Luke 1:10). The book of Ezra acknowledges that this moment of fulfillment was also a moment of loss. (Read Ezra 1:1-4) The Lord stirred up the spirit of Cyrus. On this third Sunday in Advent, we jump from Isaiah 40 to Ezra 1-3. Divine demands and promises were attached to this institution, and its loss was nothing short of devastating. Bible Maps. In Ezra (8:15, 20, 24) “I” is referring to Ezra. The hearts of kings are in the hand of the Lord. On Advent 2, Jerusalem has fallen, and God spoke through Isaiah to the grieving people who fled or were exiled to Babylon (roughly modern-day Baghdad, Iraq). Ezra 4:24 "Then ceased the work of the house of God which [is] at Jerusalem. Again, this was the same song sung at the dedication of Solomon’s temple (2 Chronicles 5:13). In fact, the sounds of praise and shouting mingled with weeping from those who had seen the temple in its former glory. If Judah was taken captive by Babylon, why do we read here that Cyrus king of Persia is in charge? In fact, according to the Jewish canon, the decree of Cyrus is the very last verse in the Bible. Cyrus is the one that makes the proclamation, but only after his spirit is stirred up by God, the ultimate Actor and Agent in this process. Ezra 1:1-4. Bible commentary on the Book of Ezra, chapter 5, by Dr. Bob Utley, retired professor of hermeneutics. But along with this rejoicing sounded another cry: a mournful cry from those who had seen the First Temple on its foundations. In the seventh month, the returnees set out to build “the altar of the God of Israel”, and thereby restart the cult’s proper function as a place of ritual and sacrifice (Ezra 3:1-3). A resource for the whole church from Luther Seminary. Cyrus’ decree allowing Jews to return to their homeland and rebuild the temple is found not only in Ezra 1 but also in 2 Chronicles 36:22-23. The future, indeed, would not be the past. Commentary on Ezra 1:1-4; 3:1-4, 10-13 View Bible Text . www.easyenglish.bible. Those who had seen the temple in its former glory found it impossible to celebrate the new foundation, and indeed wept at the site of the diminished house of worship (Ezra 3:12). Far from being a merely religious act, the restoration of the altar was a complicated event with intertwining legal, political, and historical interests. A word list at the end explains words with a *star by them. Perhaps without the person even being aware of it, God can insert thoughts into the person's mind to do what He wants him to do. Cyrus’ decree allowing Jews to return to their homeland and rebuild the temple is found not only in Ezra 1 but also in 2 Chronicles 36:22-23. Jeremiah’s “seventy years” prophecy (Jeremiah 25:11-12; 29:4-10) is a likely candidate, especially given the fact that it is referenced in other late biblical books (Daniel 9:2). The books of Ezra and Nehemiah, originally two parts of a single work, [1] narrate crucial aspects of this rebuilding story, beginning with the edict of Cyrus in 539 BC. Ver. Read commentary on this popular Bible verse and understand the real meaning behind God's Word using John Gill's Exposition of the Bible. It is a story of ambiguous joy—and are not our lives? "And all they that [were] about them strengthened their hands with vessels of silver, with gold, with … The First in a Series of Sermons on Ezra-Nehemiah. Nehemiah gives us even more details on Ezra’s role within the people of Israel. Most likely, the point of Ezra 1:1 wasn’t to link Cyrus to a specific text, but to the Jeremiah tradition in general, especially its promises of hope, return, and rebuilding. For most of us, in this life, we exist never fully in one state or the other, the sounds of our joyful shouts can never be easily distinguished from the sounds of our weeping. Commentary on Ezra 2. More important than determining the precise prophecy is recognizing the theological assumptions made by the text, namely that the general shape of Israel’s history, despite its many vagaries, is determined primarily by Yhwh’s judgments and promises. 36:18). An Exposition, With Practical Observations, of The Book of Ezra Chapter 1. A resource for the whole church from Luther Seminary. SHORT COMMENTARY ON EZRA. So it ceased unto the second year of the reign of Darius king of Persia." On this third Sunday in Advent, we jump from Isaiah 40 to Ezra 1-3. John Trapp Complete Commentary. What does Ezra 1:4 mean? Be careful not to over-simplify: democratization is too strong of a word, and we’re nowhere close to Martin Luther’s concept of the Priesthood of All Believers. • God is desirous that you and I know that we may have rock-solid confidence in His Word! Verse 10 shows the purpose of the Persian leader's second question. (Ezra 1:1-4 and Ezra 5:13-17). Tuesday, August 23, 2016 at 10:02AM. He encouraged them to live life as normal—outside of a pesky little annual tribute and obeisance, now and then. Ezra mentions a decree of King Artaxerxes given to Ezra. The *Jews return to Jerusalem. God is superintending or managing events on this earth. When He wants something done through a man, He interfaces with him. In fact, according to the Jewish canon, the decree of Cyrus is the very last verse in the Bible. In Nehemiah (1:1, 4, 2:9, 15) “I” is referring to Nehemiah. English Bible Dictionary | Arabic Bible Dictionary. (Kidner) Ultimately, this is a story of redemption, but painful redemption; of return, but a return marked with grief; of rejoicing, but of a joy that is inextricably linked to the losses that came before. Ezra 1:4 And whosoever remaineth in any place where he sojourneth, let the men of his place help him with silver, and with gold, and with goods, and with beasts, beside the freewill offering for the house of God that [is] in Jerusalem. Commentaries on the Belgic Confession and Canons of Dort. Which book of the Bible writes about Persia’s victory over Babylon? To what particular prophecy the verse refers is somewhat unclear. Understandably, tensions arose between returnees and inhabitants. A. Derek Kidner, in his commentary, sets the historical stage well for us, identifying what is happening in the book of Ezra: It was a death to make way for a rebirth. Robert Bryce. Why did he treat the people of Judah so favorably? There is a considerable chronological gap between our weekly Advent readings, significant enough that you may want to start this sermon by walking through the historical action we’ve covered in the past few weeks. Although returning to their ancestral homeland, these returnees feared for their safety, and sought shelter and protection in God’s altar. Ezra shows the event of the While the Babylonians dominated other nation-states through violence and exile, Cyrus and the Persians conquered, but then gave great freedom to their vassals. And this is in contrast to the Christian canon, which ends in Malachi 4, a text that expresses hope for Elijah’s return (Malachi 4:5-6). CHAPTER 1. Matthew Henry :: Commentary on Ezra 1 ← Back to Matthew Henry's Bio & Resources. We shall not meet Ezra till chapter 7." Perhaps without the person even being aware of it, God can insert thoughts into the person's mind to do what He wants him to do. Commentaries; Dictionaries; Strongs; People; Ezra 1:1-4 The Proclamation of Cyrus. ... Ezra 1:1-4. CalvaryTruths.com ccTheHarvest.com Jesus loves you! The return of many thereupon . Thus the second move of the leaders is to appoint Levites to supervise the building of the House of God, a task described beautifully in the NRSV as “making a beginning” in Ezra 3:8. Whosoever remaineth in any place where be sojourneth, &c. — This seems to relate to such as were desirous to go up with their brethren, but were forced to stay behind for want of necessaries to support them in so long a journey. An EasyEnglish Bible Version and Commentary (2800 word vocabulary) on the Book of Ezra. The story of their rebuilding, especially Ezra 3, is one of the most poignant and moving texts in all of Scripture. It was a weeping for the lostness of what once was, a grief for the pain of what had been. a. The LORD God of their fathers sent warnings to them: God, great in mercy to His people, sent many warnings but these warnings were rejected. This commentary has been through Advanced Checking.. He may have known this because of the arrival of King Cyrus in Babylon, a person we meet right off the bat in Ezra 1:1. Exegetically, the story of Ezra begins with a powerful punch in Ezra 1:1, but it raises an immediate question: which word of Jeremiah was fulfilled? 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